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Tanzania Travel Facts

Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas. They include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s highest mountain. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar and Mafia Marine Park, where whale sharks swim through reefs.Tanzania has more land devoted to national parks and game reserves than any other wildlife destination in the world. Everything from pristine coral reefs to the Crater Highlands, remote game reserves and the famous national parks are protected by government law and placed in trust for future generations.

Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east. Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania. Tanzania is situated south of Equator and covers 947,300 km² with the population of 47.4 million (2014). 

Climate: The climate is tropical and there are two rain seasons the longer being March through May and the short between October and November. The dry season starts from July through October with clear sky and sunshine the whole day. The weather is suitable for beach vacation. The coastal area is normally hot and humid.

Visa: Coming to Tanzania has been made easy for visitors. It is easy to obtain a Tanzanian visa and there are two ways to obtain: You can get a visa from a Tanzanian Embassy or High Commission from your country or during your arrival at the port of entry that is, airport or at the border port. The above procedure is applicable for North America and European citizens. For more details about Visas please contact the nearest Tanzanian Embassy or High Commission in your area.

Tanzania's International Airport: Tanzania has two international airports, one outside the commercial capital Dar es Salaam (airport code: DAR) and the other near Arusha (and Mount Kilimanjaro) called Kilimanjaro International Airport (airport code: JRO). Charter flights and some international operators fly directly to Zanzibar Island (airport code: ZNZ)

Taking children to Tanzania: A few of Tanzania's safari camps are suitable for children, others aren't; Tanzania's beach destinations are generally very good for relaxed family getaways. For detailed advice, call our expert team.

Getting to Tanzania: If you're planning to visit Northern Tanzania, the best airport to arrive at is Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA). KLM has daily flights from Amsterdam. Ethiopian and Kenya Airways / Precision Air also fly into KIA.

If you're planning to visit Zanzibar, southern and western Tanzania, it is ideal to fly to the capital city of Dar es Salaam. European carriers that fly into Dar es Salaam include British Airways, KLM and Swissair (which code shares with Delta). There are long-distance bus services between Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.

Attractions: The country has a lot to offer educationally, historically, leisure and adventures. These adventures are safaris (game drive in the National Parks), historical sites such as museums, landscapes, mountains, beaches, lakes, rivers and culture.

Social life: The country has more than 120 tribes. Each tribe has its own vernacular. Although there are many languages "Kiswahili" was adopted to be the National Language since 1961 right after independence. The language has spread and is being used in the neighbouring countries of Uganda, Kenya and Central Africa. English is the second official language of the nation. You will find that Tanzanians are very welcoming and friendly.

Food in Tanzania: The food served in Tanzanian safari camps varies, but is often delicious – the equivalent of a reasonable restaurant in Europe or America. In Tanzania's towns and villages, the food is usually simpler. Plain grilled meat, nyama choma, is very popular, and often served with sauce, rice, chips, plantains or ugali (cornmeal or cassava mush). Indian cuisine is also wide spread. The locally brewed beer is good, including Serengeti, Safari, Kilimanjaro, mbege (homebrew from the Chagga people) and banana beer; imported beers (e.g. Tusker from Kenya) and wine are also excellent.

Political system: Tanzania is perhaps the leading country in the continent of Africa for its political stability, peace and tranquility. The political system is multi-party and the government is democratic. Freedom of speech is encouraged and accommodated. Political and religious conflicts are resolved through dialogue. In short, religious and tribal conflicts are very rare in the country because every citizen is free to worship as he/she please provided that one does not violate the law of the land.

Currency: The National currency of Tanzania is "shilling" (Tshs). Exchange rates vary and are subject to change anytime. Credit cards such as Euro-card, American Express, Master Card, Access and Visa are accepted by most tourists' hotels, carving shops, bureau de change and banks. Also Traveler's Cheques in sterling pounds and US dollars are acceptable.

Religions: Because of its historical diversity Tanzania is a land of various religions. Nevertheless, major religions are Christianity, Islam, Hindu and African Traditional Religions. In the east coast Dar es salaam, Bagamoyo, Zanzibar and Tanga the dominant religion is Islam and Hindu. This is due to the advent of Arabs and Eastern Indians which led to the spread of the two religions. The mainland is dominantly Christian and this is due to the fact that European colonists like Arabs spread Christian religion to indigenous.

Infrastructure & Accesibility: Major roads are paved and accessible throughout the year. Side roads and those around and within National Parks are muddy and rough. For this reason, a 4WD car is required for safaris. Four Wheel cars include: Toyota Land Cruisers, Land Rovers and Toyota Hiace 4WD. This is the type of cars commonly used. The Railway is also used mostly in the eastern, southern, central and western parts of the country.

Time: The time zone is GMT + 3 and the electricity is 220 - 240 V AC, 50 Hz.

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