Ngorongoro Adventures                 Call Us: + 255 754 269 686

Come for the Animals, Stay for the People, Learn the Culture             E-mail:

Cultural Tourism

East Africa is held as the cradle of mankind, and Tanzania in particular is renowned for the discoveries that were found at Olduvai Gorge. It is with this backdrop that is home to diverse cultures. For the visitors there is more to see than the world animals. While the game is great, a visit with the culture in mind not only opens one to the rich history but also to the diversity of languages, cultures and people.

Tanzania is not only home to the Maasai, but also has other older cultures that call it home and have been here for hundred if not thousands of years. From the shores of Lake Victoria to the sandy beaches in Zanzibar one is amazed by the richness wrapped up in the ruins, the cultures and the history.

From the Maasai, walking on the plains of Ngorongoro, to the Hadzabe hunting in the bushes of Lake Eyasi, one is amazed by how different communities can be, as they pass their tradition from one generation to the other by word of mouth. Amidst these communities are other that are not as famous, but they also offer a richness in history and in diversity.

Travel to Tanzania will expose you to many cultural activities among others you will meet the chagga. This tribe is well known for its Arabica coffee plantation, you will be exploring coffee life cycle and visit coffee plantations. Masama cultural tourism program is by far your host to Kilimanjaro coffee tour.

Ngorongoro Adventures, can arrange a visit to a Maasai boma, where you will experience how they live and the set up of the homestead. For those who love adventure, they can take part in the preparation of food and listen to the stories of times gone by. With the Hadzabe, one can wake up early in the morning from the camp or lodge and join them as they go hunting in the bushes for food. All these experience are designed such that the local community gains from the tourists who visit.

For the lovers of history and who want to delve in the mysteries of past communities, Engaruka ruins are a perfect recipe. The ruins are remnants of a community that was so advanced that they had a complicated system of irrigation to cater for their farms. But somehow for some unknown reasons, the whole tribe left around 18th century and no one knows where they had come from, and where they went. The area is in the plains of the Rift Valley and has fertile land, which begs the question, why would a whole community leave a village that they had developed for years and never to return. These ruins are still there for visitors to marvel at the technology of ancient people.

At the coast, one meets the fusion of cultures. From the intermarriage between Bantus and the Arabs, a new language was formed. Swahili is one of the languages that does not look back beyond five centuries. From Pemba to Kilwa the islands are a testament to the adventures of human beings to the resilience of the human spirit.

Masama Cultural Tourism Programme - Kilimanjaro Region TCTP

Kahawa Migombani – Total time: 2 to 3 hours

Coffee plantations on the villages surrounds the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania produce some of the world's finest Arabica coffee.
Masama village been one among the villages which surround the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro, is located 10 kilometers off from Moshi – Arusha road.

Masama Cultural Tourism Programme offers a perfect package of Kahawa Migombani cultural tour.

The tour exposes visitors into different local activities:

- Visiting the smallholder coffee growers.
- Learn the history and success stories of the Arabica coffee plantations.
- Coffee harvesting (July - December)
- Coffee processing
- Coffee packaging
- Traditional preparation of cup of coffee
- Testing or drinking your Arabica cup of coffee

Why Kahawa Migombani

“Kahawa is a Swahil name which stands for Coffee” while “Migombani stands for banana farm” The mineral nutrients from volcanic soils and banana trees grown in coffee farms contributes to a balanced flavors, pleasant aroma as well as sweet taste (normally of a sweet banana flavor). Visiting Masama Cultural Tourism Programme will enrich you with the culture and lifestyle of Arabica coffee growers who live on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Traditional Food – Total time: (normal lunch - 45 minutes)

Kahawa Migombani goes well with well prepared palatable traditional cuisine. With banana ingredients more than four delicious banana dishes can be prepared. Mixed other dishes accompanied with seasonal fruits are also available.

Note: Full participatory in preparation of these traditional food – Total time: (2 hours)

Mula Market visit – Total time: 1 hour

Each Monday and Thursday of the week in Masama village we have a local market. Participation in this amazing 80% traditional trading of the common organic products including bananas, vegetables and chickens are of a common occurrence in this particular market.

Clients and other interested parties are encouraged to visit not only Kahawa Migombani but also the rest of the traditional concern in Masama village.

Come one came all.

Engaresero Cultural Tourism - Arusha Region TCTP

Engaresero village is located on the southern side of the famous Lake Natron. Lake Natron is a salt lake located in Northern Tanzania, close to the Kenyan border, in the eastern branch of the East African Rift Valley Escarpment. The Lake falls within the Lake Natron Basin Wetlands of International Importance Ramsar Site. It forms a major breeding ground for lesser flamingos worldwide. Its beauty with thousands of flamingo flocks is astonishing. On the Southern side it borders the majestic and beautiful scenery of the Ngorongoro highlands. It is in this village where Oldonyo Lengai (the Maasai name meaning ‘the Mountain of God’) is located. This cone shaped mountain is the only active volcano in the world that produces natrocarbonatite lava, a unique occurrence of volcanic carbonatite. The temperature of its lava as it emerges is only around 510 °C (950 °F). A few older extinct carbonatite volcanoes are located nearby waiting you to explore. Engaresero is also rich in Maasai cultural heritage. The Maasai community in Engaresero continues to practice its age old pastoral ways of keeping livestock, moving their herds in harmony with nature’s patterns. The time-tested ways of the Maasai are environmentally sustainable and beneficial to wildlife. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has therefore designated Engaresero as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) site.

The following tours are organized for you by the Engaresero Community.

Based Organization;
- Village tour
- Hot spring visit
- Visit to the waterfalls
- Biking tour to Orpul caves
- Visit to the footprints
- Visit rift valley escarpment, Embalulu crater and Leparakash plains
- Oldonyo Lengai trekking
- Maasai Ethno-Botanic/herbal tour
- Herding tour

Hot Spring Tour (3 Hours)
The tour starts at the tourism office at Engaresero village to the baboon caves, spend sometime there before heading to lake shore for bird watching. Drive further down through acacia woodland and on the side of rift valley escarpment to the last point on a major hot spring through other numerous small hot springs.

Waterfalls Tour (2 Hours)
The tour starts from the tourism office at Engaresero village then takes its way to the rift valley escarpment where you leave behind your 4x4 vehicles. Tourists get off the vehicle after travelling 3 kms, then start walking along the Engaresero river gorges towards the waterfalls. The walking tour to & from the waterfalls takes two hours (but it does depend on the time spent enjoying the falls and water at the destination).

Biking Tour
The tour takes three hours. One starts at the CBO office then proceed to the baboon caves. Enjoy the ride within the gorges of a small river for a couple of minutes. After exploring the Orpul then take a short bike ride down to the lake shore for a bird watching experience. Enjoy the lake scenery and proceed with a ride to the petrified historic footprints of our ancestors (120.000 years old) where the tour ends for the picnic lunch at the lake shore/hot lunch at your lodge/camp. Rift valley escarpment tour-Embalulu Crater-Leparakash Plains (From the floor to the roof then back) (3-4 hours).

The tour starts from the office then walk up the rift valley escarpment. The slope of the escarpment is challenging but people do manage. At the Embalulu crater visitor will have opportunity to Enjoy a panoramic breathtaking view of the Lake Natron, Engaresero Maasai village, Oldonyo Lengai and other escapment features found in this active volcanic area. Astonishing view of Embalulu crater will print a memory in your mind by its beauty the tour Proceed to Leparakash plains where one will get to know the Maasai’s livestock keeping activities undertaken by the these pastoralist.

Leparakash Plains To Engaresero Village Tour the tour will take (4 hours)
The tour srift valley escarpment where one leaves back 4X4 safari vehicle and enjoys the plains of the wet season pastures for Maasai livestock. Get a breathtaking view of the Lake Natron and other volcanic features found down in the rift valley and view mountain of god. Walk down to the valley through a walking trail developed during colonial times. Explore various medicinal plants found on the rift valley wall as you descend to Engaresero village.

Extended Biking Tour (3-5 hours)
Bikers coming from Serengeti Klein’s gate/Ngorongoro Conservation Area have an opportunity to leave back their 4X4 safari vehicle and start biking from Masusu where our professional biking guides will meet you and ride down to the beautiful valleys and gorges of the rift valley to Engaresero village/Lake Natron. This is very important opportunity to exercise and keep your body fit.

Oldonyo Lengai Trekking (10-12 hours Ascending & Descending)
Trekking this active volcanic mountain takes place at night,whereby ascending starts at 00:00 then conquer the summit around 6:00 a.m, start descending before it gets hot and so reflective on the volcanic ash. Enjoy a nice breath taking and hair raising view of the gorges and surrounding volcanic features of the mountain. Get to know the ritual sites along the mountain trekking route used by Maasai as they believe this is the Mountain of God. Local tour guides will assist you in this challenging climb.

Ethno-Botanic Tour (2 hours)
The tour starts at the CBO office then takes a round walk in the Bush where various herbs will be identified and its medicinal content explained by the Maasai warriors. Get to know various herbs that treat various diseases such as fever, malaria, pneumonia, chest complications, sterility and their use. Learn how to prepare various herbal plants ready to consume.

Herding Tour (2 hours)
The tour is conducted in different areas and seasons of the year due to livestock pasture rotation. Tourist will get to visit the Maasai herding cattles where an opportunity to learn about livestock keeping and ways to look for green pastures around is guaranteed. Visitors will get to see and appreciate division of labor amongthe family members in taking care of the livestock.cattles are the main Maasai economic activity and the centre of their culture. The tour is done in the evening as the livestock are about to get back into a boma where milking activities and heading cattles in their respective kraals takes place.

Where to stay: Accommodation is based into permanent tented camps,logdes and mobile tents.

Tour Guides: The guides of the Engaresero CBO are from the Engaresero community who are well trained and speaks English. They offer good service and share nice stories that will print a memory in your life.

Engaruka - Arusha Region TCTP

Engaruka, situated 63 km north of Mto wa Mbu, on the road to Oldonyo Lengai and Lake Natron lies at the foot of the Rift Valley escarpment. It is an important historic site as some 500 years ago, a farming community of several thousand people chose to develop and indigenous irrigation and cultivation system here. For unknown reasons, the farmers left Engaruka around 1700, but the ruins talk volumes about the highly specialized agricultural economy.

The people of Engaruka offer visitors the following attractions:
- A guided visit to one of the oldest African irrigation systems
- A visit to the Maasai cattle market
- A visit to a Maasai Boma
- Walking safaris in an area of outstanding beauty
- A look at the local community life.

There are various guided tour options:

Half day tours
1. Visit to the ruined city you can see the remnants of the ruined city of Engaruka. The guide will help you to identify old graves, house walls, irrigation canals and terraces, and explain the various theories about the rise and fall of the farming community. Enjoy enroute, the colourful birds and butterflies, remnants. Of the German era, and also visit an ‘orpul’ or Maasai slaughterhouse.

2. Engaruka farming tour from the ruins, walk to the village of Engaruka, Enroute, visit several farms and learn about various farming and irrigation methods. The guide will throw light on the tribal background of the village. On the way back, visit the market area located in the shade of an Africa tulip tree and a huge mkuyu tree.

3. Rift Valley escarpment tour from the ruined city, narrow footpaths wind up the Rift Valley escarpment. Climb the escarpment guided by a Maasai warrior, who will help you spot many colourful birds and show you trees and plants that the Maasai use for making food and medicines.

One day tour
Kerimasi mountain climb North of Engaruka is the green mountain of Kerimasi. The climb takes three to four hours from the foot to the summit. From the top, you see impressive views of Oldoinyo Lengai, Lake Natron, the Ngorongoro highlands and the mountains of Kitumbeine and Gelai. The descent takes about two hours.

Two day tour
Hike to Oldoinyo Lengai Conquer Oldoinyo Lengai or ‘the mountain of God’ in Maasai parlance. On the first day, you climb Kerimasi Mountain and descend on the north side to camp at the foot of Oldoinyo Lengai, the only active volcano in Tanzania. On the morning of the second day, start the 4-5 hour climb to the top, where you an even enter the crater to watch the volcanic activity. The descent takes about 2 1/2 hours.

Haydom Four Corners Cultural Programme (H4CCP)

We have a story to tell
We have a story to tell you about Africa. It is a story being lived as we speak. It is a story the world seldom hears because of all the other tales of wars and famine from our continent. It’s a story full of hope and beauty, of peace and coexistence, of culture and values.

We don’t know when the story started, neither do we know when it will end. We only know when it started involving us. We, telling you this story, are the elders of Africa. We represent the four corners of Africa, the four main language groups of our continent. We are the Niger-Congo Language family represented by the Bantu speaking Isanzu and Iramba tribes, the Khoisan language family represented by the Hadzabe tribe, the Nilo-Saharan language group represented by the Nilotic Datoga tribe, and the Afro-Asiatic Language Family represented by the Cushitic speaking Iraqw tribe.

But let us tell you who we are and how we came to meet.

Haydom is a name from the Datoga tribe of the Nilotic language group meaning a redbrown bull. Haydom was a place in nowhere, a few of us from the nomadic pastoralists Nilots of the Datoga tribe, would wander down from the North in search of pasture for our cows. We would meet from time to time with the Hadzabe tribe of the Khoisan language group who wandered in search of animals and roots since they were hunters and gatherers. We, the elders of the Khoisan, know we have always been here close to Haydom. But many seem to believe that our forefathers wandered to the south of Africa since we share the language characteristics of the Sans.

Nevertheless, we met, the Nilot and the Khoisan. Sometimes we would fight, sometimes exchange items and sometimes just keep a respectful distance. The Iraqw of the Cushitic language group, who usually lived in Mama Isara, a bit away from Haydom to the east, started to come. The Cushitic as you know, had moved from Ethiopia into Tanzania a long,long time ago. The Bantu, who had moved into Tanzania from the West of Africa, also started moving in. And so it was, that the Isanzu tribe and the Iramba tribe of the Bantu language group started to plough their fields and tend their small holdings around Haydom.

So here we are - we came from the four corners of Africa and met here. And here is where we started the story of our life time, the story of the four corners.

Haydom in Tanzania is the only place in Africa where the four language groups meet! And what’s more, there has never been a battle or a war. Of course, there have been neighbouring shuffle for land or a kill over cattle, and certainly misunderstandings over cultural values - but never a war. The wars belong to the others, those we came from, not to whom we became together.

"We, the elders of four language groups of Africa, have built this programme with our own hearts and minds. And we will keep on telling our story, because we believe it is important for the world to hear.

Though our languages may differ, our story remains the same. In a world that daily tells us tales of conflicting identities, we have found reason to celebrate our differences and learn from each other. Our coexistence is dependent on understanding and respecting both ourselves and our neighbours"

Will you help us tell our story?

We graciously welcome you to explore, learn and know how we live in Haydom, the history of the four ethno-linguistic groups of African tribes, local royalty from the ancient to the Germany and British colonial era. You will come to know how and when Haydom was born and its hair raising adventurous history.


Haydom Cultural Centre tour (1-3 hours)
You will embark on a guided tour around the centre. Visit the Museum with cultural artifacts collected from five different tribes: Datoga, Hadzabe, Iraqw, Nyisanzu and Nyiramba tribes. Explore traditional houses of the representing groups built within the centre and listen to stories about the culture of represented communities and get to know where they came from and when they met. Participate on various traditional sports like archery and later enjoy a Barbeque prepared on request.
Combined Trip—Harar hill hiking: view point of the Yaeda valley (Home of Hadzabe tribes men), Lake Eyasi & Ngorongoro highland or visit to Blacksmith (Datoga tribe).

Murkuchida Rock paints tour (5-8 hours, 22Km from Haydom)
Your tour starts from Haydom, drive or ride the bike to Murkuchida village and walk for 40 minutes through various rock outcrops until you get to the painted rocks. Explore the rock art paints while listening to well narrated stories and facts about rock art paints of Africa. Combined cultural tour to Iraqw family in the village where you will meet the local people and share stories and get to know how they coexist with other tribes living around. Proceed to Tsangwali rock art paints and then drive back to Haydom in the evening. Biking tour can be arranged on request.

Hadzabe expeditions (8 hours/Full day tour)
Beginning at Haydom, drive down the steep slopes of the Rift Valley Escarpment toward the rising savannah heat of Yaeda valley, sweet home of Hadzabe community. Around rock outcrops trace a Hadza family where your life skills adventure will begin looking for food in traditional ways as your hosts do. You will spend your day hunting with Hadza, collecting fruits, debarking edible plants, collecting roots, looking for honey and sharing stories and life experiences. An opportunity to learn the entire culture of these people with the oldest remaining culture of hunting & gathering is guaranteed.

Haydom Town Tour (2-3 hours)
Explore Haydom and learn about its rich history. View the town’s typical structures, shopping areas, local markets, local schools and recreational places. On 15th, 16th and 17th of each Month and on each last day and 1st of the month, this tour can be combined with a visit to the colorful Haydom cattle, clothes, local brews and vegetable market.

(This tour can also be done by biking; this will provide an opportunity to see a larger area of the town and its outskirts)

…Hippo pool tour
From Haydom drive/bike down to Bassotu, proceed to …. Hippo pool through Ghama crater lake. Explore water birds and listen to stories about …. Hippos believed to inhabit the pool since pre-historic times

Crater lakes tour (1-2 hours)
Explore Gidamunyoda and Ghama crater lakes, paradise of birds formed by falling asteroids in the area. Listen to well narrated stories of the history and myth about the lakes and explore its plan and birdlife.

Combination: This tour can be combined with Bassotu canoeing tour, Mulbadaw wheat farm tour and visit to nearby hippo pool

Bassotu canoing tour (1-2 hours)
Explore Lake Bassotu and learn about its rich history. View the town’s typical structures; learn about local people’s cultures and their fishing practice around the lake. Enjoy bird watching and plant life of the area

(Bassotu can also be accessed by biking (1-1.5 hours biking) or driving for 30 minutes from Haydom)

Mulbadaw wheat Farm tour (2-8hours)
Walk through the fertile farmlands of Mulbadaw wheat farm which is part of the former Hanang Wheat Complex. Get to know the process it takes to grow, harvest and process wheat. Listen to the history of wheat farming in Tanzania and other projects operated to support the farm. Extend the visit to tree nursery and become part of environmental restoration campaign of the Mulbadaw farm community. Enjoy a view of Mount Hanang and the rest of rolling landscapes of the Farm at the view point in the midst of the 14,000 acres' farm. On request Barbeque sundowner can be organized for you while enjoying a nice sunset and sometimes moonrise behind Mount Hanang
Combined Trip— On your request the tour can be extended to include Bassotu Canoeing Tour, crater lakes tour and Mount Hanang trekking

Visit to Blacksmith family (2-4 hours)
A short biking or walking tour from from Haydom, through beautifully villages in the land of Datoga tribes men. Learn about their blacksmith skills as demonstrated and buy their locally made bracelet and other types of products.

Harar Hill Hiking (2-6 hours)
From Haydom, walk through the villages of Ng’wandakw, Basonyagwe and Harar to the foot of Harar hill famous for its spectacular 360 degrees view and views of Yaeda valley (Home of Hadza), Mount Hanang, Dominic Onion pads, Ngorongoro highland, Lake Eyasi, Haydom hill, Mount Hanang and surrounding villages with various crop farms.

(The tour is ideal for those acclimatizing for Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru climbs)


Bassotu tour (2-3 days)
Bike through traditional villages, and farmland; and experience the traditional life of the Datoga people. Explore Lake Bassotu by canoeing, fishing with local fishermen, bird watching and visiting nearby crater lakes of Ghama and Gidamunyoda. Proceed to Hippo pool and Mulbadaw wheat farm where you will learn about wheat production, tree planting and animal husbandry. Enjoy scenic view of rolling landscapes with escarpments, salt lakes and Mount Hanang, sunset and moonrise. This trip includes many opportunities to visit and learn about the development projects supported by our program and several short walks. Return to Haydom by bike or car.

Mount Hanang trekking (2 days)
From Haydom in the morning, you will drive to Hanang and start trekking in the afternoon. Trek for 6 hours to the peak of Mount Hanang through spectacular views of an exceptionally beautiful Rift Valley landscape full of small craters, Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Balangida and Balang'dalalu, surrounding farmlands and villages.

Camp at the roof for your overnight and climb down next morning after sunrise for 4 hours to the foot of the mountain. Proceed to Mulbadaw wheat farm for breakfast and short farm tour. Drive back to Haydom after lunch through crater lakes and the hippo pool.

(Facts about Mount Hanang: It stands at an altitude of about 3400 a.m.s.l making it the fourth highest mountain in Tanzania, ideal for acclimatizing for trekking Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru)

Bassotu tour & Mount Hanang trekking (2-3 days)
From Haydom drive down to Bassotu, walk to through the village, interact with local people, explore lake Bassotu, Crater lakes and Hippo pool. Learn about wheat production in Mulbadaw wheat farm, visit a view point of the farm and Mount Hanang before proceeding for Mount Hanang climb that takes 10 hours (6hours ascending, 4 hours descending).

Hadzabe trekking-Yaeda valley (2-3 days)
Drive down to Yaeda valley, home of Hadzabe trace a family of Hadza and start life skills expedition tour. Trek through the wilderness hunting/collecting fruits/roots/honey and medicinal plants with Hadzabe. Overnight in a camping ground and get an opportunity to share stories with Hadza people. Wake up early in the morning for early morning home chores. After lunch drive to Datoga family and learn about their daily life, pastoralist heritage and how they coexist with their neighbors; Hadzabe, Iraqw and Bantu tribes around. Overnight in a camp and after morning home chore experience, drive back to Haydom before/after lunch.

Kilimanjaro Acclimatization ( 3-5 Days)
Lets acclimatize together by walking to the Roof of Mount Hanang and other higher altitude villages/hills like Harar and have what you deserve to conquer the roof of Africa even Mount Meru in regard to physical fitness as a result of good training before trekking. The package will be prepared on request

Haydom bike tours ( 1-5 Days)
The Haydom is the best place for the mountain bikes, we save both sportsman and others who are in needs to bike and experience the villages, the farms, natural and cultural beauty of Haydom and surrounding villages

Homestay programme
You will stay with a family in Haydom to learn more about the life of the people. An opportunity to participate on daily home chores as per local culture is guaranteed.

Friendship tree planting initiative
Be part of our environmental conservation initiative by planting a ‘friendship tree’ that will bear two names. One name will be yours and the other one your new Tanzanian friend. Your new friend will continue taking care of the tree as a sign for your friendship. By doing this locals know the value of planting trees and we do play our role of conserving our planet’s environment when on travel.

Haydom Cultural Festival
Be part of an annual cultural celebration event ‘Haydom Cultural Festival’ which takes place during the first week of September. This event is staged at Haydom Cultural Centre; bringing together the four main languages groups. Hosted in the rural Tanzania, the event provides rural population and visitors with an opportunity to integrate with various exhibitors while celebrating their cultural values including traditional artifacts shows, traditional dance performances and competitions, cultural film shows and various traditional sports of Datoga, Hadzabe, Iraqw, Nyiramba and Nyisanzu tribes.

Honeymoon Safari Holidays


Tanzania Family Safaris

tanzania family safaris

Tanzania Cultural Tours

cultural tour

Mount Kilimanjaro Treks